Bring 2 cups of broth to a simmer while you give the dried lentils a good rinse. Add the lentils to the broth, cover and reduce to a very low simmer. Simmer for 30 minutes, or until tender.
In a sauté pan over medium heat, warm 1 tablespoon olive oil. Add the celery, onion, pepper, carrots, dried herbs, and salt. Sauté until tender and very fragrant.
Add 2 cups of the cooked beans, or more if desired, and reserve the rest for another use. Add the cherry tomatoes, balsamic vinegar, wine, and water. Simmer for 10 minutes to mingle the flavors.
Ladle onto the bottom of a casserole dish.